The emergence of the Ghazi Force was part of the outrage among many deeply religious Pakistani Muslims over the July 2007 attack by security forces against the Lal Masjid, or Red Mosque, a stronghold of militants.
The fierce attack, in which scores of young, heavily armed students died, inspired a new generation of militants.These Pakistanis have turned against a government they felt has betrayed them and, to their dismay, backed the US role in neighboring Afghanistan.
The brief but bloody history of the Ghazi Force illustrates the unintended results of Pakistanâ€™s policy of promoting extremists to fight India in the disputed area of Kashmir.
That policyâ€” which Pakistan denies it pursues â€”now threatens regional stability as the US and Pakistanâ€™s other Western partners pour billions of dollars into the country to stop the rise of militancy.
The new group is made up of relatives of students who died in the Red Mosque assault.
It is named after the studentsâ€™ leader, Maulana Abdul Rashid Ghazi, who was also killed. The mosqueâ€™s adjacent religious school, or madrassa, had been a sanctuary for militants opposed to Pakistanâ€™s support of the US-run war in Afghanistan.
Private television stations broadcast vivid scenes of the assault â€”commandos in black fatigues rapelling down ropes, the crackle of gunfire, bodies of black-shrouded girls carried out through the smoldering gates.
Those images stunned the nation, especially families of the students and Pakistanis with deep religious feelings.
Islamabadâ€™s inspector general of police, Kalim Imam, told The Associated Press that the Ghazi Force was behind most of the deadliest attacks in the capital during the last three years.
The attacks targeted the military, the Inter-Services Intelligence agency or ISI and a five-star hotel frequented by foreigners and the Pakistani elite.
The Ghazi Force helped recruit a security official who blew himself up inside the office of the World Food Program last October, killing five people, according to Imam.
The force also sent a suicide bomber in September 2007 into the mess hall of the commando unit that attacked the Red Mosque, killing 22 people, he said.
Ghazi Force members may also have been involved in the audacious June 9 attack north of the capital that killed seven people and destroyed 60 vehicles ferrying supplies to Nato and US soldiers next door in Afghanistan, Imam said.
Many of those attacks had been attributed to the Pakistani Taliban, which operates in the remote tribal areas of the northwest along the border with Afghanistan.
There is evidence of close ties between the Ghazi Force and the Pakistani Taliban, which the government has vowed to crush.
The Ghazi Force is believed to be headquartered in the Orakzai region of the border area, where the leader of the Pakistan Taliban, Hakimullah Mehsud, held sway for years. The leader of the Ghazi Force is believed to be Maulana Niaz Raheem, a former student at the Red Mosque.
Anger over the bloodshed at the mosque was all the greater because many of the militants and their supporters felt betrayed by a government that had once supported them.
Both Ghazi and his brother Maulana Abdul Aziz Ghazi, who was freed on bail this year after two years in jail, were widely believed to have been on the payrolls of both the government and the ISI intelligence service.
Their father, Maulana Mohammad Abdullah, enjoyed a close relationship with the late President Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, and the mosque was a center for recruiting volunteers to fight against the Soviets in Afghanistan in the 1980s.
As opposition grew to Pakistanâ€™s support of the US role in Afghanistan, the mosque became a center of religious agitation against the government, with armed students taking over the complex and police laying siege.
A former senior official in the Interior Ministry told The Associated Press that the police wanted to storm the mosque and end the siege at its outset, send the students home and shut down the religious school and a neighboring library until tempers cooled.
President Gen. Pervez Musharraf refused, the official said, even though police knew that members of al-Qaidaâ€™s affiliate organization Jaish-e-Mohammad, which is banned in Pakistan, were bringing in weapons for the students.
Musharraf relented and ordered the assault after militants kidnapped several Chinese nationals running a massage parlor in Islamabad, accusing them of prostitution. The death toll remains in dispute. Red Mosque officials say hundreds died. The government says fewer than 100 were killed.